More Sherman tanks were made than any other tank in U.S. history. Derived from the lower hull and running gear of the M3 medium tank, the Sherman’s 75 mm gun was enclosed in a new, fully-traversing top turret. The first models saw combat in North Africa in late 1942.
During WWII, the M4 Sherman was operated by the U.S., Russia, and the United Kingdom, among others. The tank was considered reliable, easy to maintain, rugged, and highly mobile. The Sherman’s design was considered uncomplicated, which allowed it to be produced at factories that made automobiles, trucks, and train cars before the outbreak of war. When outgunned by new German designs, improved versions of the Sherman were built with more armor and more firepower.
History of the Artifact
The FHCAM’s Sherman was built at Pressed Steel Car Company in Chicago. The Sherman was accepted into the U.S. Army in 1943 and most likely stayed in the United States to train new tank crews headed overseas. Early in 1945, the tank was sent to a remanufacturing facility and then released to the Dutch army as part of the Major Defense Acquisition Program.
When the tank was no longer useful, it was acquired by a collector and restorer. In 2011 and 2012, the vintage Sherman was restored to its WWII form at C&C Military Services in England. Today it wears the colors of a tank in the 7th Armored Division, 31st Tank Battalion.
Did you know?
Versions of the Sherman tank were used as bulldozers, mobile bridge carriers, recovery vehicles, mine exploders, and flame throwers.